Operational definition of the term "data science"
We interpret the term “data science” as the science of learning from data.
As such, data science is based on several academic disciplines, including data management and engineering, statistics, algorithms, machine learning, programming, optimization, visualization, law and ethics, as well as on many skills, such as elicitation and problem formulation, collaboration and communication.
At the heart of data science is a process of continuous improvement, aimed at solving complex, unstructured and data-rich problems, by applying specific methods, techniques and practices.
Data science thus provides a whole scientific learning process from data to the humanities and social sciences, economics, medicine, environmental sciences, as well as a multitude of other disciplines, and provides decision support, helping to understand and act on complex real world problems.